Environment Authority (EA) is taking a significant step towards environmental sustainability by establishing a national platform to monitor greenhouse gas emissions.
The initiative aligns with Oman’s commitment to achieving net zero emissions by 2050, a goal set in accordance with the Paris Climate Agreement’s target to limit global warming to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.
Net zero neutrality represents the balance between the amount of greenhouse gas (GHGs) emitted and the volume removed or offset from the atmosphere, resulting in a net-zero carbon footprint.
An EA official stated, “In collaboration with Microsoft, the authority convened on Monday to discuss the creation of a national platform for greenhouse gas emission inventory and a unified national digital system.”
The meeting also involved reviewing a specialised electronic system for data analysis and emission inventory.
This platform is a crucial part of the National Zero Neutrality Programme, designed to support Oman’s comprehensive strategy for carbon neutrality. The programme focuses on key sectors like electricity, urban development, transportation, industry, and oil and gas.
“Oman’s carbon emissions in 2021 were estimated at 90mn tonnes of CO2 equivalent. The five main sectors – industry, oil and gas, electricity generation, transportation and construction – are responsible for 95% of these emissions,” the EA official informed.
Oman has developed a detailed plan targeting these sectors. To date, EA has launched 49 initiatives, including 22 in 2023, as part of its national programme for zero neutrality.
Of the 49 initiatives and projects starting from 2021, five are in the oil and gas sector, three in environment and economy, six in infrastructure and housing, seven in electricity, ten in industry, and 18 in transportation.
In 2023, 18 projects were initiated in the first quarter, one in the second, and the remaining in the third quarter.
Additionally, EA organised a series of workshops under the National Zero Neutrality Programme, aimed at implementing sectoral plans for achieving zero neutrality. These sessions were pivotal in formulating a unified action plan, bolstered by innovative projects, to reach interim emission reduction targets.
Source: Muscat Daily
The Central Bank of Oman (CBO) has formulated a preliminary roadmap aimed at fostering sustainable and green financing within the domestic financial system, a recent report revealed.
The CBO’s Financial Stability Report (FSR) 2023 published recently said, “CBO is also actively encouraging financial institutions to develop policies that facilitate and promote green financing.”
“Moreover, CBO is working on improving its analytical capabilities to better manage and deal with climate-related risks,” the report added.
Climate change poses micro prudential and macroprudential risks for the financial system in the form of direct physical shocks and risk from transition to a low-carbon economy, the CBO report said.
“The transition risks and shocks emanating from climate change and the shift towards net-zero emissions are among the key emerging risks for financial stability.”
As part of national climate risk mitigation efforts, the CBO has taken an active role in fulfilling its responsibilities. “It has advised banks and financial leasing companies to enhance their risk management policies and practices in accordance with the international best practices on climate-related financial risks,” the report added.
Moreover, the financial institutions have been encouraged to develop policies that facilitate and promote green financing.
The CBO in its latest FSR said that embracing new technology is indispensable for the financial sector.
With the increasing use of technology, the frequency of cyberattacks is also on the rise. After a surge in 2020, the number of cyber-attacks declined in 2021, but in 2022 they reached a new peak, with reported cyber incidents showing a significant 46 percent increase. The financial sector is a prime target for cybercriminals due to the potential for large gains.
In 2022, globally the reported cyberattacks on financial institutions doubled compared to 2021. This marked the highest cyberattacks in recent years.
This renewed surge, especially targeting financial institutions, could negatively impact customer trust in digital financial services and the financial sector as a whole.
The CBO elaborated further that Oman has also not experienced any significant disruptions from cyber risks in recent times.
However, like any other jurisdiction, the Omani financial sector is vulnerable to such risks.
“Therefore, cybersecurity remains a top strategic priority for CBO. Despite the increased demands on payment and settlement systems (PSS) since the pandemic, Oman’s PSS infrastructure has remained resilient and robust.”
The CBO is actively monitoring developments in various emerging areas and has established task forces dedicated to studying Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs) and other digital innovations.
This proactive approach allows the CBO to equip itself with the expertise required to navigate the evolving landscape of digital finance and stay prepared to take appropriate action when necessary.
Oman ranks first in the MENA region and ninth globally with an exceptional prospective capacity of 18,349 megawatts (MW), representing for 1.55% of the total global capacity, according to the research, which offers insights into solar farm projects with a capacity of 20 MW and more.
The figures from the Global Solar Power Tracker demonstrate Oman’s strong commitment to renewable energy as well as its desire to diversify its energy supply, said a report from the Oman Daily Observer. Oman has realised its solar potential thanks to its wide desert landscapes and an abundance of sunlight, catapulting the nation to the forefront of the MENA region’s solar revolution.The potential capacity is the total of all solar farm projects, including those that have already been declared and those that are in different phases of development, including pre-construction and construction. This suggests that Oman’s solar business is likely to experience rapid expansion in the years to come.
The study highlights Oman’s dedication to renewable energy while also outlining its excellent success in putting solar farm projects into action. Four solar farms are now in operation in Oman, three are being built, twelve are in the pre-construction phase, and two projects have been announced. These accomplishments show that the nation’s solar business is thriving and expanding quickly.
The 500 MW Ibri Solar Power Complex, one of the biggest solar projects in the area, is Oman’s premier renewable energy project. The facility, which is located in the Al Dhahirah Governorate, provides electricity to 33,000 houses and yearly offsets millions of tonnes of carbon emissions. A pair of IPPs at Manah are now being implemented; once operational in 2025, they will contribute 1,000 MW of additional solar capacity.
Nama Power & Water Procurement Company (Nama PWP), which is in charge of buying electricity and water in Oman, recently declared intentions to buy a brand-new massive solar PV Independent Power Project (IPP) by 2029. The project, provisionally dubbed “Solar PV IPPs 2029,” would have two 500 MW IPPs and will have a combined capacity of 1000 MW.
The research also provides information on the worldwide solar farm landscape, which shows a startling total potential capacity of 1,184,296 MW. This underlines how important renewable energy is becoming globally as nations work to cut carbon emissions and lessen the effects of climate change.
China, the United States, Spain, Australia, and India are the top 5 countries on the list. Oman is at the top of the list in the MENA region, coming in at number 11, followed by Egypt (12th) with 17,094 WM, Morocco (15th) with 13,538 MW, Saudi Arabia (17th) with 9,051 MW, Iraq (18th) with 8,385 MW, and Kuwait (19th) with 7,970 MW.
Source: Technical Review Middle East
Oman and Etihad Rail Company, the developer and operator of the UAE-Oman Rail Network signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Jindal Shadeed Iron & Steel (Jindal), an integrated steel producer in the GCC.
The MoU will see the companies establish a sustainable end-to-end transport logistics solution between Jindal’s steel complex at Sohar Port and the UAE, via the UAE-Oman Rail Network.
The agreement will allow Jindal to annually transport up to 4 million tonnes of raw materials and finished products from its steel complex at Sohar Port to the UAE.
Under the terms of the agreement, Oman and Etihad Rail Company will leverage its rail network to support Jindal in optimising operational integration through facilitated loading and unloading processes while guaranteeing rolling stock and facilities’ requirements of iron ore and steel.
Mohammed bin Zahran Al Mahrouqi, deputy CEO of Oman and Etihad Rail Company, said: “Our partnership with Jindal Shadeed Group reinforces Oman and Etihad Rail Company’s commitment to improving logistics services to meet the future needs and expectations of our customers by providing comprehensive solutions and stimulating the growth of various industrial sectors within Oman and the UAE.
“Furthermore, the MoU will enable Jindal to enhance its supply chain efficiency, benefiting from the UAE-Oman Rail Network’s fast, cost-effective, and sustainable services.”
Harsha Shetty, CEO of Jindal, said: “This is an important milestone for our company as we look forward to further expanding the reach of our high-quality, industry-leading products in the region and beyond.”
Through this collaboration, Jindal aims to not only streamline its transportation and logistics operations, but also advance its sustainability objectives and strengthen its green value chain.
Oman and Etihad Rail Company will ensure an environmentally friendly transportation and logistics solution through the Oman-UAE Rail Network, and thus, contributing to the reduction of CO2 emissions in Oman and the UAE, in line with their national goals of net-zero carbon emissions by 2050.
It recently entered several commercial and investment partnerships with major international players in various industrial sectors to provide innovative logistics solutions and facilities, opening new corridors for economic cooperation, and unlocking promising opportunities for sustainable economic growth in Oman, the UAE, and the wider region.
Source: Gulf Business
Oman Cables has identified 50 projects over the next three years and dedicated investments have been approved for 2023, boosting its sustainability efforts.
Oman Cables Industry (OCI), the leading manufacturer of energy cables and innovative service provider in Oman, along with its strategic partner Prysmian Group, unveiled its vision for a sustainable future, highlighting the group’s dedication to environmental responsibility, social progress and innovation.
A recently held special event on ‘Sustainability Day’ brought together industry leaders from across the GCC region.
‘The OCI reaffirmed its unwavering commitment to sustainable growth and its resolute alignment with the ambitious Oman Vision 2040’, the group stated.
Demonstrating their proactive approach, OCI took a pioneering step by organising the event under the theme ‘Going Green, Going Digital’.
With sustainability firmly integrated into its business strategy, the event served as a powerful platform to explore innovative pathways towards a greener and digitally driven future.
Through insightful discussions, experts explored the latest trends in embracing sustainable transformation within the industry.
OCI’s dedication to sustainability has been integral to its growth strategy, leading to the Climate Change Ambition and adherence to the Science Based Target initiatives in 2021.
In the opening address, Cinzia Farisè, Oman Cables CEO outlined the Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) approach. This was followed by COO Muhannad al Lawati, who detailed Oman Cables Climate Ambition, outlining the organisation’s projects to combat climate change.
The Social Ambition was illustrated by CSO Giancarlo Esposito, with numerous projects and specific KPIs in term of diversity and inclusion.
The last chapter was dedicated to Innovation4Sustainability, with an excursus of main innovation and innovative projects of a company that recently established in Oman the Renewables Excellence Centre – solar, wind and hydrogen – for the entire region.
The event was graced by H H Dr Adham al Said as Guest of Honour. In his address, H H Dr Said highlighted the key drivers of sustainability in the sultanate. His insightful address explained how sustainability plays a crucial role in shaping the future economic development of Oman.
Cinzia Farisè, CEO, said, “Sustainability is at the heart of our business strategy and through innovation, decarbonisation and customer-centricity, our technology plays a key part in the energy and digital transition processes.
“We engage stakeholders, prioritise the entire value chain and continuously innovate to anticipate Customers’ needs. With a circular economy focus and an inclusive work environment, we are committed to driving positive change. As we align our efforts with Oman Vision 2040 and the nation’s net-zero emissions goal by 2050, we are determined to create a sustainable world that thrives economically while safeguarding our environment for future generations.”
OCI aims contribute effectively to the ambitious target of Prysmian Group: to cut scope 1 and 2 emissions by 47% and scope 3 emissions by 28% by 2030, compared to baseline of 2019. Long-term goals involve achieving a 90% reduction in scope 1 and 2 emissions by 2035 and scope 3 emissions by 2050.
The group is also advancing a circular economy roadmap, prioritising sustainable revenue streams and increasing the use of recycled content.
Speakers highlighted how OCI seamlessly integrates sustainability into production processes across the entire value chain, anticipating customer needs and fostering stronger supplier collaboration to drive continuous innovation.
As clean energy and digital infrastructures converge, OCI is committed to empowering technological advancements for efficiency, innovation and progress.
Oman Cables has also set clear targets to enhance gender representation in the workforce and aims to participate effectively to Prysmian Group target to increase the percentage of women to 47-49% by 2025 and 50% by 2030.
‘The group is proud of its ESG plan, which is supported by a steering committee with leaders who meet regularly to drive sustainability efforts,’ OCI stated.
Source: Muscat Daily
The Environment Authority (EA) announced the commencement of its groundbreaking campaign, ‘Planting 1 Million Seeds for Greener Dhofar’. Aligned with the operational objectives of the Environment Authority, which aims to enhance ecosystem efficiency and increase green cover, this ambitious project seeks to foster a sustainable environment by planting a million seeds in the picturesque mountains of Dhofar during the khareef season rains.
The Environment Authority invited the public through their social media to join hands in this campaign. Citizens and residents alike can actively participate in this transformative campaign which will run until July 26.
Taking its first strides towards this endeavour, the EA recently planted 3,000 mangrove seedlings in Khor Warkh, Wilayat of Shaleem and Al Halaniyat Islands in the Dhofar Governorate. The Authority’s grand vision includes planting these carefully curated seeds in various regions of the Dhofar mountains, starting from the Wilayat of Mirbat in the east and extending all the way to the Wilayat of Rakhyout in the west.
An essential aspect of this campaign involves the collection of substantial quantities of local seeds of various types, achieved through the remarkable collaboration of competent authorities, individuals and dedicated volunteer teams. The Environment Authority views this campaign as a testament to its commitment to augmenting vegetation cover in the Sultanate of Oman’s natural and pastoral areas.
Furthermore, the Environment Authority remains steadfast in its mission to rehabilitate mangrove nurseries in the Qurum Natural Reserve. The goal is to produce 48,000 seedlings, with the project continuing until July 24. Upon maturity, these seedlings will be planted in targeted sites, significantly bolstering the efficiency of coastal wetland systems.
Mangroves play a pivotal role in Oman’s ecosystem, boasting remarkable resistance to salinity and creating a conducive environment for the proliferation and growth of marine life. Additionally, these invaluable trees aid in carbon dioxide sequestration, contributing significantly to climate change mitigation efforts.
The Environment Authority unwavering commitment to environmental preservation remains at the core of these efforts. It aims at educating all segments of society about the significance of safeguarding environment and equipping participants in various activities with scientific environmental information and field skills. In addition, to foster a community that actively contributes to the ministry’s programmes and activities. The ultimate goal is to instil a profound environmental consciousness among young people through immersive field activities.
Source: Oman Daily Observer/ Ahmed Al Kaabi
Oman Cables Industry (OCI), leading company in the cables and systems industry which is part of Prysmian Group, visited Fujairah Gold, Vedanta Group, to strengthen its partnership towards sustainable goals.
The two Companies, represented by Cinzia Farise’, CEO of Oman Cables, and Puneet Khurana, CEO of Fujairah Gold, signed a Collaboration Agreement at the presence of H.E. Sharief Habib Al Awadhi Director General of Fujairah Free Zone Authority, Guest of Honor, with the scope to explore potential opportunities in different areas of collaboration: from jointly develop green copper rod from 100% secondary copper, to establish acceptability of Green Copper rod for cable manufacturing and jointly develop a value proposition for Green Copper to achieve sustainability goals and support Net Zero Carbon targets by 2050.
OCI’s “Innovation for Sustainability” approach has three fundamental principles and ambitions: environmental, social and innovation responsibility. The company believes in minimizing its environmental impact and has established a set of guiding criteria that directs its innovation efforts involving all value chain, from upstream – through responsible sourcing – to downstream, partnering up with Customers to reduce losses during use phase.
This requires the adoption of a design for sustainability approach that includes strict criteria on carbon footprint, potential recyclability, hazardous substances, recycle input rate, transmission efficiency and environmental benefits in all products and new technologies. By prioritizing these criteria, OCI can develop products that are eco-friendly, energy-efficient and cost-effective, enabling Customers to choose greener options.
After a recent successful Innovation Day titled “Powering a Sustainable Future” conducted together with all Customers across the GCC Region, OCI is now focusing a responsible sourcing. Cinzia Farisè, CEO Oman Cables, said: “We are embarking on a transformational journey. Our ambition towards sustainability requires a joint effort with all our key stakeholders. While pursuing our net zero ambition, we must partner with the best ESG providers who embrace our same values and commitment to sustainability”.
Puneet Khurana, CEO of Fujairah Gold concluded: “Vedanta is committed to delivering sustainable and responsible growth, which creates value for both our shareholders and all our stakeholders. We proactively engage to incorporate sustainability in all our practices, Embracing the philosophy of `Zero Harm, Zero Waste, Zero Discharge. We are very happy to associate with Oman Cables, Prysmian group and will work closely with them to pursue our net Zero ambition.”
An initiative to harness the potential of wave energy in the Sultanate of Oman, as a clean and sustainable source of electricity, has been announced.
Spearheading the initiative is the partnership of Norwegian wave energy specialist Havkraft AS and Translucidus, a UK-based consultancy with longstanding experience in Oman. An agreement signed by the two companies will see Translucidus serving as Havkraft’s country representative in Oman.
Given its lengthy coastline overlooking multiple seas as well as the Indian Ocean in the south, Oman is seen as offering promising opportunities for the generation of wave power by harnessing ocean surface waves. This renewable energy, billed as the largest estimated global resource form of ocean energy, can be harnessed for electricity generation, water desalination and water pumping, among other applications.
Announcing the agreement signing, Matt Minshall, Managing Director of Translucidus, said: “Translucidus is delighted to announce the signing of an Agreement with the Norwegian wave energy company Havkraft. Working with Havkraft’s innovative capability and their dynamic team is both enjoyable and meaningful. The supply of clean energy and clean water are two of the most important sustainable development goals we should deliver on, and wave power is an important key to both. We are delighted to be a part of this emerging new sector.”
The partnership will work closely to provide wave energy power systems to Oman – a first for the country. Havkraft is globally recognised for its expertise in harnessing wave power for electricity generation. Its Havkraft N-Class near-shore wave power systems are billed as most suitable wave energy solutions for countries like Oman.
“Oman has an interesting coastline that can be utilized by our wave power plants to create important values for the Sultanate,” said Geir Arne Solheim, Havkraft’s CEO.
According to Minshall, Translucidus’s role in the initiative is to match requirements with capabilities which support sustainability under its signature concept Mayamn, an Oman-based project focused on the sustainable production of potable water.
Minshall, who is also Founder and owner of The Mayamn Water Project, will be making a keynote presentation focusing on case study, titled ‘Collaborative Water and Energy Project for Oman’, during the upcoming Oman Sustainability Week.
Source: Third Party Content
Geologist Peter Kelemen has been working in the desert of Oman for more than 15 years to study natural chemical reactions within rare deep-earth rocks that pull carbon from the air and lock it into solid mineral form. His goal: harnessing and speeding up those reactions to remove carbon on an industrial scale. Based in large part on his research, Omani entrepreneurs recently formed 44.01, a company working to scale up and commercialize the processes. The company was just awarded a $1.2 million Earthshot Prize by Prince William, heir to the British throne, in a televised ceremony in Boston. Founded in 2021, the prize is aimed at funding five cutting-edge environmental ventures each year through 2030. We spoke with Kelemen about the science behind the project, its current state, and its prospects for the future.
Tell me about the rocks in Oman, and what makes them special.
The mountains of northern Oman and along the coast of the United Arab Emirates host a huge block of oceanic crust and upper mantle that was thrust onto the edge of the Arabian continent starting 96 million years ago. It is 350 kilometers long, up to 50 kilometers wide, and many kilometers thick. It is tilted, and exposes rocks that formed more than 20 kilometers below the sea floor. Surface exposures of the Earth’s mantle are quite rare, and this is the largest in the world. Spectacular canyons cut through it, so you can literally walk down into what used to be the Earth’s interior. Rocks like this react rapidly with CO2 in the atmosphere and surface water, and this forms solid carbonate minerals, for example limestone. The process is spontaneous. So we’ve been seeking to understand how it works, and then design methods that accelerate it in order to store significant amounts of CO2 on a human time scale. We are focusing on injecting CO2 dissolved in water underground. It might use a lot of water, and of course water is very valuable in the Middle East, so we look for areas near the coast, where there is an essentially infinite supply.
How did 44.01 start, and what is your involvement?
I and my colleague Jürg Matter, who was formerly at Columbia, were first approached by on Omani entrepreneur, Talal Hasan, in about 2017, when he was working for Oman’s sovereign wealth fund. Talal hoped to persuade the government to invest in CO2 storage in the mantle rocks. But then he ended up leaving the fund, and he and a childhood friend founded 44.01. Jürg now works with them about half time. I plan to remain in more of an advisory role.
Where would the carbon come from?
44.01 has obtained a solar-powered device that removes CO2 directly from air, from the Swiss company Climeworks. They’re operating it near Oman’s capital city, Muscat. For pilot studies, we could also use CO2 captured from smokestack sources, like the many gas-fired power plants, water desalination plants and other industrial operations in Oman and the UAE.
How far has the company come, and how would it make money?
We’ve obtained government permits and run some small pilot projects at a former scientific drilling site. We are now planning two much larger pilot projects, both expected to take place in 2023. Ideally we would achieve substantial results before the COP28 meeting in the UAE, in 2023. Eventually, we hope, some government or group of governments would pay them to lock up the carbon, at a rate of maybe $30 a ton. Globally, such costs end up being a few percent of GDP, comparable to the current costs of solid waste management.
What difficulties might the project face?
The main concern is that the rocks are not very porous.. That leads to two difficulties. One, it can be difficult to get fluids to circulate rapidly through the rocks, and two, the pore space might eventually clog up with newly formed carbonate minerals. However, we are inspired by the fact that in some places the rocks have naturally become fully carbonated. That is, every magnesium and calcium atom in them has combined with CO2 to create solid minerals. So we know this can happen, and we have ideas about how it works. We have done theoretical calculations, and conducted experiments at the laboratory scale. But in the end, only field scale experiments will allow us to refine methods to do this at a reasonable cost.
Are there other places with similar rocks?
Yes, but Oman and the UAE are the best. The next largest outcrops are in New Caledonia and Papua New Guinea. They would be great places to take CO2 from the air, but I think we need to demonstrate that this process works on the Arabian peninsula before trying to get things going on islands in the southwest Pacific. There are other, smaller areas that could work, including parts of California and Oregon. However, those spots are water-limited, and I expect local stakeholders would be concerned about that. Then there are small coastal outcrops in southeast Alaska that have a lot of potential and plenty of water, but they are so remote that I think we need to provide proof of concept before we can justify operations there.
Are you continuing research in Oman or elsewhere?
In addition to forming solid carbonate minerals, the reaction of surface waters with mantle rocks can form free hydrogen gas. It is widely viewed as a potential replacement for fossil fuels, specifically natural gas and oil, for transportation and home heating. And if derived at low cost from natural sources, it could also be used to generate electricity. We are continuing academic research on the rate of hydrogen formation, and studying ways that could be accelerated. In the United States and Canada, we are also investigating how some mining ores could not only lock up carbon, but help with the extraction of nickel and cobalt—essential ingredients that will be used extensively in electric vehicles and renewable energy generation in the next few decades.
Did you get to attend the awards ceremony?
No. The Earthshot organization wished to limit their carbon footprint, so rather than flying dozens of people to Boston from all over the world, they organized an award event in Oman for the 44.01 personnel there, and filmed that. The resulting video, and similar films of other awardees were shown at the awards ceremony.
The Sustainable City-Yiti (TSCY) has reaffirmed its commitment to Oman and its economy.
The Sustainable City-Yiti is being developed by Sustainable Development Investment Company (SDIC), a partnership between Diamond Developers and Oman Tourism Development Company (Omran Group).
The billion-dollar development aims to support the goals of the Oman Vision 2040, as well as the National Tourism Strategy, by creating a live-work-thrive city, that is green, energy efficient, and people-centric.
It is also playing an integral role in contributing to in-country value for the sultanate, with 78.65 per cent of Omani-sourced goods and materials being sourced in the past six months alone. More than 58 SMEs in Oman have also benefited from the works undertaken at TSCY in the last two quarters.
Scheduled to complete in 2025, the development has supported more than 1,800 jobs during construction, both direct and indirect, generating over 961,000-man hours to date.
Eng Ammar Sulaiman al Kharusi, head of development at Omran Group said, “We are delighted to play our part in strengthening the economy of Oman, from the tourism sector to SMEs and the huge number of employment opportunities through this exciting project. Ours is a truly sustainable development in every sense of the word and by driving in-country value across the board, we are further contributing to the growth and prosperity of the sultanate.”
TSCY will consist of 300 villas, 1,225 apartments and 132 luxury serviced apartments. The community also includes indoor and vertical farms, a central plaza with a mall, a school, a nursery, two hotels, a sports complex, medical clinics, an autism center, and an institute.
Home to 10,000 residents and visitors once complete, The Sustainable City – Yiti will be the largest operational sustainable community in the world, with ambitions to be the first Net Zero Carbon community in Oman by 2040. The city is designed to deliver measurable outcomes across all three pillars of sustainability: social, environmental, and economic, bringing forward the UN emission reduction targets for 2050.
The city follows the blueprint for low-carbon living that was pioneered by the first ‘The Sustainable City’, which opened in Dubai in 2016. The model ensures a reduction in carbon footprint, from design to operation, using disruptive innovation to achieve transformational societal change.
Source: Muscat Daily https://www.muscatdaily.com/2022/11/28/sustainable-city-yiti-outlines-commitment-to-oman/